REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPORTS INJURIES IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTS
Emine KUTLAY1, İlkşan DEMİRBÜKEN2, Seher ÖZYÜREK2, Salih ANGIN2
1Ege Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Yüksekokulu, İzmir
2Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu, İzmir
Keywords: Rhythmic gymnastics, sports injuries, injury location
The excellent and flawless presentation of movements requires many repetitions, intensive and continuous training with apparatus and music in rhythmic gymnastics. Thus, rhythmic gymnasts generally face a high risk of injury. The aim of this study is to assess the location, type and periods of sports injuries for rhythmic gymnasts. A total of 67 rhythmic gymnasts who were 15.5 ± 2.0 (9-43) yrs old took part in the study. They were provided with a questionnaire and asked about the location, type and period of the injuries. Some of the questionnaires were delivered during the competition and some via e-mail. Gathered data revealed that 68.7 % of gymnasts have had an injury; with 85.1 % of the gymnasts being affected in their lower extremities, 40.3 % in their upper extremities, 44.8 % in their spine and 16.4 % in the head region. Lower extremity injuries were located 29.8 % at the ankle, 21.1 % at the knee, 19.3 % at the Achilles tendon/heel, and 15.8 % at the feet/toes. Upper extremity injuries involved 48.1 % the fingers, 18.5 % the wrist, 14.8 % the elbow and 14.8 % the shoulder. Injuries occurred 89.1 % during training, 10.9 % during competition. When the injury period was assessed, 9.0 % happened following the reduced training period, 31.3 % occurred during the preparation for the competition and 14.9 % only a few weeks before the competition. To conclude, the ankle is determined to be the most involved part of the body, and it was observed that the injuries mostly occur during training and competition preparation periods.