VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE LEARNING AND PERFORMANCE ORIENTATIONS SCALE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ATTENDING PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES
Ege Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Yüksekokulu, Bornova, İzmir
Keywords: Physical education classes, learning orientation, performance orientation, validity, reliability
The aim of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of the “Learning and Performance Orientation Scale in Physical Education” developed by Papaioannou in 1994 for secondary school students. The scale assumes that the motivation condition would theoretically reflect either the learning or performance perceptions the scale consists of. The research was conducted in a total of 695 students, 338 girls and 357 boys namely, from four different secondary schools located in three different districts of Izmir. In the scope of the scale’s form validity, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was applied to confirm validity of factor structures for the original form. Resultingly, the model provided acceptable goodness of fit indices. Secondary level factor analysis provided goodness of fit indices revealing associations to performance and learning super structures. The scale’s Cronbach’s Alpha values used to identify validities for performance- and learning-tendenced climate perceptions, Spearman-Brown, and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were found to be reliable for all scale factors, according to Nunnally’s (1978) >0.70 assessment level. All these findings reveal that the scale can be used to determine learning and performance orientations in secondary school physical education classes.